state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 30 November 1990
legal system: based on Portuguese civil law system, Islamic law and customary law
legislative system: Unicameral Assembly of the Republic
judicial system: Supreme Court, whose judges are nominated by the Head of State and appointed by parliament
religion: Catholic 23.8%, Muslim 17.8%, Zionist Christian 17.5%, other 17.8%, none 23.1%
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (aiming to the abolition of the death penalty)
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Statute of the International Criminal Court (which excludes the death penalty) (only signed)
The Constitution of the Republic of Mozambique (1990) at Art. 70 states: "1. All citizens shall have the right to life. All shall have the right to physical integrity and may not be subjected to torture or to cruel or inhuman treatment. 2. In the Republic of Mozambique there shall be no death penalty." The country has been abolitionist since 1990 and the last execution took place in 1986.
On December 19, 2016, Mozambique, as in previous years, voted in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly, but did not co-sponsored the text.