executions in the world:

In 2018


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: semi-presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 12 February 1992
legal system: blend of Soviet, German, and US systems that combine "continental" or "civil" code and case-precedent
legislative system: unicameral State Great Hural, 76 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms
judicial system: Supreme Court whose judges are nominated nominated by the General Council of Courts and approved by the president
religion: Buddhist Lamaist 50%, Shamanist and Christian 6%, Muslim 4%, none 40%
death row: at least 9 (as of July 30, 2009)
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

1st Optional Protocol to the Covenant

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (aiming to the abolition of the death penalty)

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

Statute of the International Criminal Court (which excludes the death penalty)


On 1 July 2017, entered into force the new Criminal Code that abolishes the death penalty for all crimes, approved in 2015.
The last execution in Mongolia was in 2008 and the death penalty remained classified as a state secret. 
Since then, the country has taken a series of steps towards abolition culminating in the historic parliamentary vote. In 2010, the country’s President, Tsakhia Elbegdorj, commuted all death sentences and announced a moratorium on all executions. In 2012, Mongolia acceded to the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), committing the country to the abolition of the death penalty. 
In 2011 Hands off Cain awarded President Tsakhia Elbegdorj with the “Abolitionist of the Year Prix.”
However, the new President Khaltmaagiin Battulga repeatedly invoked the death penalty and on 27 November presented a proposal to the Ministry of Justice to reintroduce the death penalty.

On 19 December 2016, Mongolia co-sponsored and voted again in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.







Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania