government: parliamentary democracy
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: Andorra's first written constitution was drafted in 1991; adopted 14 March 1993
legal system: based on French and Spanish codes
legislative system: unicameral General Council of the Valleys (Consell General de las Valls)
judicial system: Tribunal of Judges; Tribunal of the Courts; Supreme Court of Justice of Andorra; Supreme Council of Justice; Fiscal Ministry; Constitutional Tribunal
religion: Roman Catholic (predominant)
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
1st Optional Protocol to the Covenant
Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (aiming to the abolition of the death penalty)
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
6th Protocol to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (concerning the abolition of the death penalty)
European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, concerning the abolition of the death penalty in all circumstances
Statute of the International Criminal Court (which excludes the death penalty)
Article 8 (3) of Andorra’s Constitution states: "The death penalty is prohibited."
The country has been fully abolitionist since 1990. The last execution in Andorra took place in 1943.
On March 26, 2003 Andorra deposited with the Council of Europe the instrument of ratification of Protocol No 13 to the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms banning the death penalty in all circumstances.
On December 19, 2016, as in previous years, Andorra co-sponsored and voted in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.