Year
Breaking News
News Archive
How to use the database
HANDS OFF CAIN’S 2015 REPORT
The worldwide situation (as of 30 June 2016)
EXECUTIONS IN 2014
EXECUTIONS IN 2015 (as of 30 June)
The most important facts of 2015 (and the first six months of 2016)
THE SMILING FACE OF THE MULLAHS
ANALYSIS OF THE 2015 REPORT DATA AND OBJECTIVES OF HANDS OFF CAIN
ADDRESS of Pope Francis
Reportage by Sergio D'Elia
Reportage by Marco Perduca
"THE ABOLITIONIST OF THE YEAR 2015” AWARD
Act Now
Actions archive
Current Campaigns
Campaigns Archive
Goals
Achievements
GENERAL MOTION OF THE FIFTH CONGRESS OF HOC
RESOLUTION OF THE KIGALI CONFERENCE

U.N. RESOLUTION 2012
U.N. RESOLUTION 2014
U.N. RESOLUTION 2010
Hands Off Cain Headquarters
Board of Directors

REPORT ON THE 2ND ANNUAL EU FORUM ON THE DEATH PENALTY IN ZAMBIA

Publications
U.N. RESOLUTION 2008

DECLARATION OF LIBREVILLE

Videos

Appeal To The United Nations

U.N. RESOLUTION 2007
THE COTONOU DECLARATION 2014
2014 FREETOWN CONFERENCE Final Declaration

LETHAL TRADE DOSSIER
DOSSIER IRAQ 2003

DOSSIER ON MORATORIUM
DOSSIER IRAQ 2012

NOBEL LAUREATES APPEAL

DOSSIER USA 2011
Bulletin Board
Sign up
Join appeal
Newsletter
Our Publications

MOLDOVA - Abolitionist

Government: republic
State of civil and political rights: Partly free
Constitution: new constitution adopted 29 July 1994, effective 27 August 1994; replaced old Soviet constitution of 1979
Legal System: based on civil law system
Legislative System: unicameral Parliament (Parlamentul)
Judicial System: Supreme Court; Constitutional Court (the sole authority for constitutional judicature)
Religion: Eastern Orthodox 98%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist and other 0.5%


International Treaties on the Death Penalty and Human Rights:
  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
  • 1st Optional Protocol to the Covenant
  • Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (aiming to the abolition of the death penalty)
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child
  • Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
  • European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
  • 6th Protocol to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (concerning the abolition of the death penalty)
  • European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
  • Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, concerning the abolition of the death penalty in all circumstances
  • Statute of the International Criminal Court (which excludes the death penalty) (only signed)


FACTS

Moldova abolished the death penalty for all crimes in December 1995 but the Constitution retains it for crimes committed during war or with an inevitable threat of war. On June 21, 2005 Moldovan President Vladimir Voronin suggested that parliament make urgent amendments to the constitution in order to ban death penalty. On August 18, 2005 the Moldovan government approved amendments to clause 24 of the republic's constitution aimed at abolishing the death penalty to bring Moldovan law in line with the protocols of the International Convention on Human Rights. The changes ruled out the possibility of introducing capital punishment to Moldovan legislation and excluded the application of the death penalty in individual cases, Moldova's Deputy Justice Minister Nicolae Yeshanu said. On September 22, 2005 the Constitutional Court of Moldova approved two draft laws concerning amendments to Article 24 Paragraph 3 of the constitution and providing for the abolition of the death penalty. One bill was drawn up by the government, the other one by a group of 44 MPs. On July 29, 2006 the Moldovan parliament ratified the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights on abolishing the death penalty and Protocol No 13 to the European Convention on Human Rights on abolishing the death penalty under any circumstances. The death penalty has been retained in the internationally unrecognized separatist entity of Transdniestria. In the region, that unilaterally declared independence from Moldova in 1990, the death penalty is a legal punishment for crimes committed in peacetime and in wartime. Under Article 58 of the de facto Criminal Code of Transdniestria, approved on May 15, 2002, the death penalty is envisaged for especially grave offences against life. Six crimes are punishable by death: murder, attempt to murder a state or public official, armed rebellion, attempt to murder a magistrate or investigator, attempt to murder a law enforcement agent and genocide. The method of execution is shooting and there was one person on death row in 2002. Women and people who were below the age of 18 at the time when the crime was committed cannot be sentenced to death. On July 6, 1999, the de facto President signed a decree introducing a moratorium on executions with retroactive effect from January 1, 1999. The moratorium is still in place. The Criminal Code gives the President authority to grant clemency. The death penalty can be replaced with life imprisonment or deprivation of liberty for a period of 25 years. Moldova abolished the death penalty for all crimes in December 1995.
The death penalty has been retained in the internationally unrecognized separatist entity of Transdniestria. In the region, that unilaterally declared independence from Moldova in 1990, the death penalty is a legal punishment for crimes committed in peacetime and in wartime. Under Article 58 of the de facto Criminal Code of Transdniestria, approved on May 15, 2002, the death penalty is envisaged for especially grave offences against life. Six crimes are punishable by death: murder, attempt to murder a state or public official, armed rebellion, attempt to murder a magistrate or investigator, attempt to murder a law enforcement agent and genocide. The method of execution is shooting and there was one person on death row in 2002. Women and people who were below the age of 18 at the time when the crime was committed cannot be sentenced to death. On July 6, 1999, the de facto President signed a decree introducing a moratorium on executions with retroactive effect from January 1, 1999. The moratorium is still in place. The Criminal Code gives the President authority to grant clemency. The death penalty can be replaced with life imprisonment or deprivation of liberty for a period of 25 years.
On December 19, 2016, Moldova once again co-sponsored and voted in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.

news
-
latest actions
-
data base
-
actions
-
who we are
-
registered users
-
credits