SLOVENIA - Abolitionist
Government: parliamentary republic
State of civil and political rights: Free
Constitution: 23 December 1991, amended a number of times, most recently on 25 July 2000
Legal System: based on civil law system
Legislative System: bicameral Parliament consists of a National Assembly or Drzavni Zbor and the National Council or Drzavni Svet
Judicial System: Supreme Court (judges are elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the Judicial Council) and Constitutional Court (judges elected for nine-year terms by the National Assembly and nominated by the president)
Religion: Catholic 57.8%, Muslim 2.4%, Orthodox 2.3%, other
International Treaties on the Death Penalty and Human Rights:
- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
- 1st Optional Protocol to the Covenant
- Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (aiming to the abolition of the death penalty)
- Convention on the Rights of the Child
- Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
- European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
- 6th Protocol to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (concerning the abolition of the death penalty)
- European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
- Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, concerning the abolition of the death penalty in all circumstances
- Statute of the International Criminal Court (which excludes the death penalty)
Slovenia abolished the death penalty for all crimes in 1989. The Constitution (1991) at Art. 17 states: "Human life is inviolable. There shall be no death penalty in Slovenia."
Slovenia abolished the death penalty while it was still a member of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It became independent in 1991. Between 1945 and 1990, over 1,200 people were executed by the state.
On December 4, 2003 Slovenia deposited with the Council of Europe the instrument of ratification of Protocol No 13 to the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms banning the death penalty in all circumstances.
On December 19, 2016, Slovenia once again co-sponsored and voted in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.