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ALBANIA - Abolitionist

Government: emerging democracy
State of civil and political rights: Partly free
Constitution: a new constitution was adopted by popular referendum on 28 November 1998
Legal System: has a civil law system
Legislative System: unicameral People's Assembly (Kuvendi)
Judicial System: Constitutional Court, Supreme Court (chairman is elected by the People's Assembly for a four-year term), and multiple appeals and district courts
Religion: Religion: 70% Muslim; 20% Orthodox; 10% Catholic


International Treaties on the Death Penalty and Human Rights:
  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
  • 1st Optional Protocol to the Covenant
  • Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (aiming to the abolition of the death penalty)
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child
  • Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
  • European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
  • 6th Protocol to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (concerning the abolition of the death penalty)
  • European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
  • Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, concerning the abolition of the death penalty in all circumstances
  • Statute of the International Criminal Court (which excludes the death penalty)


FACTS

Capital punishment was abolished from the Criminal Code on December 10, 1999, when the Constitutional Court considered the death penalty to be against the spirit of the new Constitution approved by a popular referendum on November 22, 1998. The Constitution sanctions the principle that "in Albania man's life is protected by law". 
On June 1st, 2007, Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, concerning the abolition of the death penalty in all circumstances, entered into force.
The last execution in Albania took place in 1995.
On December 19, 2016 as in previous years, Albania co-sponsored and voted in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.

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