Year
How to use the database
HANDS OFF CAIN’S 2015 REPORT
The worldwide situation (as of 30 June 2016)
EXECUTIONS IN 2014
EXECUTIONS IN 2015 (as of 30 June)
The most important facts of 2015 (and the first six months of 2016)
ADDRESS of Pope Francis
THE SMILING FACE OF THE MULLAHS
Reportage by Sergio D'Elia
ANALYSIS OF THE 2015 REPORT DATA AND OBJECTIVES OF HANDS OFF CAIN
Reportage by Marco Perduca
"THE ABOLITIONIST OF THE YEAR 2015” AWARD
Protocol of understanding between NTC and CNF
Dossier on death penalty and homosexuality
Final declaration of the Cairo workshop
Goals
Achievements
GENERAL MOTION OF THE FIFTH CONGRESS OF HOC
RESOLUTION OF THE KIGALI CONFERENCE
U.N. RESOLUTION 2014

U.N. RESOLUTION 2012
U.N. RESOLUTION 2010

REPORT ON THE 2ND ANNUAL EU FORUM ON THE DEATH PENALTY IN ZAMBIA

Videos

DECLARATION OF LIBREVILLE

Publications
Hands Off Cain Headquarters
U.N. RESOLUTION 2008

U.N. RESOLUTION 2007

Appeal To The United Nations
Board of Directors

LETHAL TRADE DOSSIER
2014 FREETOWN CONFERENCE Final Declaration
THE COTONOU DECLARATION 2014
DOSSIER IRAQ 2003

DOSSIER ON MORATORIUM
DOSSIER IRAQ 2012

DOSSIER USA 2011

NOBEL LAUREATES APPEAL
Bulletin Board
Sign up
Join appeal
Newsletter
Our Publications

USA - Azoto
USA - Azoto
USA - Use of Nitrogen Hypoxia Could Endanger Spiritual Advisors and Prison Staff

October 24, 2023:

October 24, 2023 - Use of Nitrogen Hypoxia for Alabama Executions Could Endanger Spiritual Advisors and Prison Staff in the Execution Chamber
In August, Alabama released the first-ever execution protocol for nitrogen hypoxia, an untested execution method in which prisoners will be put to death by suffocation as they are forced to breathe pure nitrogen gas. Alabama’s heavily redacted protocol provides that prisoners will be fitted with a mask and breathing tube to control the gas, which will slowly deprive them of oxygen. However, use of this untested method may also pose dangers to spiritual advisors and prison staff in the execution chamber.
In 2022, the Supreme Court ruled in Ramirez v. Collier that death-sentenced prisoners have a right to the assistance of spiritual advisors in the execution chamber under federal law, a right which includes permitting advisors to touch the prisoners and pray aloud during the execution. The petitioner in that case, John Henry Ramirez, was executed by lethal injection on October 5, 2022 after his pastor laid a hand on his chest and recited a prayer. In its ruling, the Court described centuries of tradition of religious leaders ministering to the condemned before and during their executions. “Being present, being there, standing with those who are oppressed is one of the most important things we can do,” says Reverend Melissa Potts-Bowers, who ministered to Michael Tisius of Missouri during his execution on June 6 of this year. “Remaining in that chamber is one of the most important privileges for us to protect.”
However, Alabama’s recently published execution protocol may affect that right by permitting spiritual advisors in the chamber only if they accept the risk of harm to themselves during the execution. The protocol states that “no spiritual advisor or alternate spiritual advisor shall be allowed in the execution chamber unless they review and sign the spiritual advisor nitrogen hypoxia acknowledgement form.” The acknowledgement form advises in bold:
“In the highly unlikely event that the hose supplying breathing gas to the mask were to detach, an area of free-flowing nitrogen gas could result, creating a small area of risk (approximately two (2) feet) from the outflow. Additionally, overpressure could result in a small area of nitrogen gas that displaces the oxygen in the area around the condemned inmate’s face and/or head.”
Even a two-foot range could expose spiritual advisors and staff to severe risk. Alabama’s protocol does not mention any waiver or form for prison staff assisting in executions, but contains rules for staff that acknowledge the danger of the gas. The protocol holds that no staff member may enter the chamber unless the following criteria are satisfied: a wall-mounted display showing at least 19.5% oxygen in the atmosphere, a staff member observing the door outside “from a safe distance,” and an additional staff member standing at the door to “ensure the safety” of any staff engaging with the gas system.
Nitrogen gas has never been tested in an execution setting but has caused serious injury and death in industrial accidents. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), fourteen people died of nitrogen asphyxiation in the workplace between 2012 and 2020. In 2021, a nitrogen leak at a poultry plant in Georgia killed six people and hospitalized eleven. Liquid nitrogen used as a refrigerant leaked into the air, where it vaporized into a fog that surrounded hundreds of employees. Alabama’s protocol appears to require preventative measures by staff such as reviewing “training materials on dangers and hazards associated with nitrogen gas in the workplace,” visual inspection of the mask and gas canisters, and listening for the sound of a gas leak. However, the protocol provides no guarantee of safety for persons in the death chamber, nor does it address how the State will prevent the gas escaping the chamber and affecting witnesses in the event of an accident. According to anesthesiologist Joel Zivot, nitrogen gas “is dangerous to anyone in the vicinity.” 
In the past ten years, as states struggled to procure lethal injection drugs, Alabama, Oklahoma, and Mississippi all authorized the use of nitrogen gas as an alternative method of execution. In 2018, Alabama required each death-row prisoner to elect either lethal injection or nitrogen hypoxia as their preferred method. While Alabama still had a supply of drugs for lethal injection, the State conducted a string of three botched lethal injection executions in 2022, resulting in a temporary pause on executions. Two of the men, Alan Miller and Kenneth Smith, survived the execution attempts. The State resumed executions earlier this year and asked the Alabama Supreme Court in August to set the first nitrogen hypoxia execution date, for Mr. Smith, releasing its protocol alongside the request. Mr. Smith’s attorneys filed an opposing motion arguing that he should not be required to be the “test subject” for a novel and untested execution method.

https://deathpenaltyinfo.org/news/use-of-nitrogen-hypoxia-for-alabama-executions-could-endanger-spiritual-advisors-and-prison-staff-in-the-execution-chamber

(Source: DPIC, 24/10/2023)

PAKISTAN: PHC COMMUTES DEATH SENTENCE OF CONVICT IN MULTIPLE MURDER CASE
USA - Pennsylvania. House panel votes to abolish death penalty
IRAN - Jalil Nutizehi executed in Isfahan on October 30
IRAN - 87 executions in October
IRAN - Heydar Salkhord, Shahab Sadeghzadeh, and Mansour Taqvaei executed in Shiraz on October 30
IRAN - Unidentified man executed on October 30
IRAN - Hamid Takavar executed in Karaj on October 30
IRAN - Jalal Vahdati and Khalil Mohammadi executed in Khorramabad on October 30
CHINA: MAN WHO WENT ON STABBING SPREE IN SHANGHAI SENTENCED TO DEATH
INDONESIA: 8 IRANIANS SENTENCED TO DEATH FOR DRUG SMUGGLING
IRAN - Shamsollah Banani executed in Ahar on October 29
BANGLADESH: FIVE SENTENCED TO DEATH FOR 2016 MURDER OF PREGNANT HABIGANJ HOUSEWIFE
IRAN - Armita Garavand was buried amid tight security in Tehran on October 29
USA - DEATH BY INCARCERATION: reform advocates at un call for end to "the other death penalty"
IRAN - Teenage Armita Garavand (Geravand) Dies In Hospital
QATAR: 8 INDIANS SENTENCED TO DEATH ON CHARGES OF SPYING FOR ISRAEL
IRAN - Davood Behzadi executed in Esfarayen on October 28
USA - Alabama. Jury recommends death penalty for Tapero Johnson
USA - Texas. Stay of impending execution of William Speer
IRAN - Amir Hossein Dashtban executed in Tabriz on October 26
IRAN - A man executed in "one of Tehran's prisons"
IRAN - 5 men executed in Birjand on October 26
SOMALIA: MILITARY COURT SENTENCES GOVERNMENT SOLDIER TO DEATH FOR KILLING COMRADE
MYANMAR: JUNTA SENTENCES 7 MEN TO DEATH IN AYEYARWADY REGION
IRAN - Hayatollah Eiduzehi executed in Kerman on October 25
IRAN - Jalil Seyed Rezaei executed in Qazvin on October 25
USA - Ohio. Michael R. Turner to now serve life without parole
IRAN - 2 unidentified men executed in Karaj on October 25
PAKISTAN: RAPIST, KILLER OF YOUNG GIRL SENTENCED TO DEATH ON THREE COUNTS
IRAN - 2 unidentified men executed in Karaj on October 24

1 2 3 4 [Succ >>]
2024
january
february
march
  2023
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
  2022
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
  2021
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
  2020
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
 
2019
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
  2018
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
  2017
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
  2016
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
  2015
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
  2014
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
 
2013
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
  2012
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
  2011
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
  2010
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
  2009
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
  2008
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
 
2007
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
  2006
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
  2005
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
  2004
january
february
march
april
may
june
july
august
september
october
november
december
 
IRAN - Wife of Djalali pleads for EU action
  IRAN - Hands off Cain Year End Report: At least 284 executions in 2020  
  IRAN: HANDS OFF CAIN, THE HANGING OF THE PROTESTER MOSTAFA SALEHI IS A SHAME FOR THE SO-CALLED DEMOCRATIC WORLD   
  USA: ‘BLACK LIVES MATTER’, BUT IS IT ONLY RACISM?  
  IRAN. HANDS OFF CAIN, REDUCTION OF DRUG EXECUTIONS BUT NUMBERS REMAIN WORRISOME  
  HUMAN RIGHTS: DEMONSTRATION OF THE RADICAL PARTY BEFORE IRANIAN EMBASSY 14 FEBRUARY  
news
-
latest actions
-
data base
-
actions
-
who we are
-
registered users
-
credits