government: constitutional republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 20 June 1992
legal system: based on Argentine, Roman and French codes
legislative system: bicameral Congress consists of the Chamber of Senators and the Chamber of Deputies
judicial system: Supreme Court of Justice whose judges are appointed on the proposal of the Counsel of Magistrates
religion: Catholic majority
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
1st Optional Protocol to the Covenant
Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (aiming to the abolition of the death penalty)
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
American Convention on Human Rights
Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights to abolish the Death Penalty
Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture
Statute of the International Criminal Court (which excludes the death penalty)
The Constitution of Paraguay (1992) at Art. 4, "The Right to life," states in part: "The death penalty is abolished."
Paraguay has been abolitionist since 1992, and the last execution dates to 1928.
On 29 September 2017, Paraguay voted in favour of the Resolution on the Death Penalty at the 36° session of the UN Council on Human Rights.
On December 17, 2018, Paraguay co-sponsored and voted again in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.