executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: approved by referendum November 2020
legal system: mixed legal system of French civil law and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts in ad hoc Constitutional Council composed of various public officials including several Supreme Court justices; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: bicameral Parliament consists of Council of the Nation (Majlis al-Umma) and National People's Assembly (al-Majlis al-Sha'abi al-Watani)
judicial system: Supreme Court or Le Cour Suprême, (consists of 150 judges organized into 8 chambers: Civil, Commercial and Maritime, Criminal, House of Offenses and Contraventions, House of Petitions, Land, Personal Status, and Social; Constitutional Council (consists of 12 members including the court chairman and deputy chairman); appellate or wilaya courts; first instance or daira tribunals
religion: Muslim (official; predominantly Sunni) 99%, other (includes Christian, Jewish, Ahmadi Muslim, Shia Muslim, Ibadi Muslim) <1% (2012 est.)
death row: At least 943 (up to July, 22, 2015 www.deathpenaltyworldwide.org)
year of last executions: 0-0-1993
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: