executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: ratified by referendum 28 February 2005; amended 2018
legal system: mixed legal system of Belgian civil law and customary law
legislative system: bicameral Parliament (Parlement) consists of Senate (Inama Nkenguzamateka) and National Assembly (Inama Nshingamateka)
judicial system: Supreme Court (consists of 9 judges and organized into judicial, administrative, and cassation chambers); Constitutional Court (consists of 7 members); Courts of Appeal; County Courts; Courts of Residence; Martial Court; Court Against Corruption; Commercial Court
religion: Roman Catholic 58.6%, Protestant 35.3% (includes Adventist 2.7% and other Protestant 32.6%), Muslim 3.4%, other 1.3%, none 1.3% (2016-17 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: