executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: approved April 30, 2018 by the National Assembly; entered into force May 4, 2018; suspended April 21, 2021 and remained so through April 2022
legal system: mixed legal system of civil and customary law; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: formerly a unicameral National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale); October 2021, Interim President Mahamat Idriss DEBY installed an interim parliament, called the National Transitional Council (NTC), replacing the National Assembly which was disbanded after he took control of the country on 20 April 2021; according to DEBY, the NTC will act as a national assembly of transition until the country’s next elections take place
judicial system: Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice, 3 chamber presidents, and 12 judges or councilors and divided into 3 chambers); Constitutional Council (consists of 3 judges and 6 jurists); High Court of Justice; Courts of Appeal; tribunals; justices of the peace
religion: Muslim 52.1%, Protestant 23.9%, Roman Catholic 20%, animist 0.3%, other Christian 0.2%, none 2.8%, unspecified 0.7% (2014-15 est.)
death row: 35
year of last executions: 29-8-2015
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: