executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: a transitional constitution, decreed on 19 May 1993, was replaced by a new constitution adopted on 23 May 1997, but not yet implemented
legal system: mixed legal system of civil, customary, and Islamic religious law; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: unicameral National Assembly (Hagerawi Baito)
judicial system: High Court (consists of 20 judges and organized into civil, commercial, criminal, labor, administrative, and customary sections); regional/zonal courts; community courts; special courts; sharia courts (for issues dealing with Muslim marriage, inheritance, and family); military courts
religion: Eritrean Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Evangelical Lutheran, Sunni Muslim
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-1993
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: