executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: 26 March 1991; amended several times, last in 2020
legal system: mixed legal system of French civil law and customary law; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: bicameral Parliament (Parlement) consists of Senate (Senat) and National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale)
judicial system: Supreme Court (consists of 4 permanent specialized supreme courts - Supreme Court or Cour de Cassation, Administrative Supreme Court or Conseil d'Etat, Accounting Supreme Court or Cour des Comptes, Constitutional Court or Cour Constitutionnelle, and the non-permanent Court of State Security, initiated only for cases of high treason by the president and criminal activity by executive branch officials); Courts of Appeal; county courts; military courts
religion: Roman Catholic 42.3%, Protestant 12.3%, other Christian 27.4%, Muslim 9.8%, animist 0.6%, other 0.5%, none/no answer 7.1% (2012 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-1981
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: