government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: 12 July 1991
legal system: a combination of Islamic law and French civil law
legislative system: bicameral legislature consists of the Senate (Majlis al-Shuyukh) and National Assembly (Majlis al-Watani)
judicial system: three-tier system: lower, appeals, and Supreme Court
religion: Muslim 100%
death row: 77 (Amnesty International, as of end 2016)
year of last executions: 0-0-1987
death sentences: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Convention on the Rights of the Child
European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights
High treason, premeditated murder, torture and acts of terrorism are capital crimes in Mauritania, although the last executions took place in 1987, when three armed forces officers sentenced to death by the State Security Chamber for plotting to overthrow the regime were put to death.
With the introduction of Islamic law in 1980, the scope of the death penalty has been widened to include apostasy, homosexuality and rape. However, the enforcement of strict punishments – such as floggings – has been rare since the 1980s.
In 2016, no execution neither death sentence has been recorded. Sevetyseven people, including 11 foreign nationals, were under sentence of death at the end of the year, according to Amnesty International.
On 3 November 2015, in its response to the recommendations received under the Universal Periodic Review of the UN Human Rights Council, Mauritania rejected those to establish a moratorium on the use of the death penalty, abolish the death penalty and ratify the Second Optional Protocol to the ICCPR.
On 19 December 2016, Mauritania abstained on the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.