executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 25 April 1977; amended several times, last in 2017; progress enacting a new constitution drafted in 2014 by the Constituent Assembly has stalled
legal system: English common law; judicial review of legislative acts limited to matters of interpretation; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: unicameral National Assembly or Parliament (Bunge)
judicial system: Court of Appeal of the United Republic of Tanzania (consists of the chief justice and 14 justices); High Court of the United Republic for Mainland Tanzania (consists of the principal judge and 30 judges organized into commercial, land, and labor courts); High Court of Zanzibar (consists of the chief justice and 10 justices); Resident Magistrates Courts; Kadhi
religion: Christian 63.1%, Muslim 34.1%, folk religion 1.1%, Buddhist <1%, Hindu <1%, Jewish <1%, other <1%, unspecified 1.6% (2020 est.)
death row: 491, of them 20 are women (as of September 2017, according (LHRC))
year of last executions: 0-0-1994
death sentences: 7
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Death penalty for violent crimes