executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 3 May 1947; no amendments since
legal system: civil law system based on German model; system also reflects Anglo-American influence and Japanese traditions; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
legislative system: bicameral Diet (Kokkai) consists of the House of Councillors (Sangi-in) and the House of Representatives (Shugi-in)
judicial system: Supreme Court or Saiko saibansho (consists of the chief justice and 14 associate justices); 8 High Courts (Koto-saiban-sho), each with a Family Court (Katei-saiban-sho); 50 District Courts (Chiho saibansho), with 203 additional branches; 438 Summary Courts (Kani saibansho)
religion: Shintoism 70.5%, Buddhism 67.2%, Christianity 1.5%, other 5.9% (2019 est.); total adherents exceeds 100% because many people practice both Shintoism and Buddhism
death row: 116 (Justice Ministry, July 2018)
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 3
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment





Death penalty for violent crimes





Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania