government: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 21 October 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force in May 2004
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 1 May 1979
legal system: based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
legislative system: unicameral Parliament (Nitijela)
judicial system: Supreme Court and High Court
religion: Protestant 55%, Assembly of God 25%, Roman Catholic 8%, other
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Statute of the International Criminal Court (which excludes the death penalty)
The Constitution of the Republic of Marshall Islands (1979) under Section 6(1) states: "No crime under the law of the Republic of Marshall Islands may be punished by death."
No execution has been carried out since independence was declared on October 21, 1986.
On December 19, 2016, the Marshall Islands voted again in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly, but did not co-sponsored the text.