executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federal democratic republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: effective September 20, 2015; amended 2016, 2020
legal system: English common law and Hindu legal concepts; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: bicameral Federal Parliament consists of National Assembly and House of Representatives
judicial system: Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and up to 20 judges); High Court; district courts
religion: Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, unspecified 0.2% (2011 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania