government: Parliamentary democracy
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 7 July 1978
legal system: English common law, which is widely disregarded
legislative system: Unicameral National Parliament
judicial system: Court of Appeal
religion: Church of Melanesia 32.8%, Roman Catholic 19%, other
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Statute of the International Criminal Court (which excludes the death penalty) (only signed)
The death penalty was abolished for all crimes in 1966.
On December 18, 2008 the Solomon Islands voted against the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.
On December 20, 2012 and on December 18, 2014,, Solomon Islands abstained on the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.
On December 17, 2018, Solomon Island voted in favor of the Resolution on a Moratorium, as in 2016.