executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic; highly authoritarian
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: 8 December 1992; amended several times, last in 2023
legal system: civil law system; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: bicameral Supreme Assembly (Oliy Majlis) consists of Senate (Senat) and Legislative Chamber (Qonunchilik Palatasi)
judicial system: Supreme Court (consists of 67 judges organized into administrative, civil, criminal, and economic sections); Constitutional Court (consists of 7 judges); regional, district, city, and town courts
religion: Muslim 88% (mostly Sunni), Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3%
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania