executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federal parliamentary republic
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: introduced in 1920, revised in 1929, and re-established in 1945; amended many times, last in 2020
legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts by the Constitutional Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
legislative system: bicameral Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung) consists of Federal Council (Bundesrat) and National Council (Nationalrat)
judicial system: Supreme Court of Justice or Oberster Gerichtshof (consists of 85 judges organized into 17 senates or panels of 5 judges each); Constitutional Court or Verfassungsgerichtshof (consists of 20 judges including 6 substitutes; Administrative Court or Verwaltungsgerichtshof - 2 judges plus other members depending on the importance of the case); Courts of Appeal (4); Regional Courts (20); district courts (120); county courts
religion: Roman Catholic 55.2%, Muslim 8.3%, Orthodox 4.9%, Evangelical Christian 3.8%, Jewish 0.1%, other 5.4%, none 22.4% (2021 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: