executions in the world:

In 2022


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federal parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 7 February 1831; amended many times; revised 14 July 1993 to create a federal state
legal system: based on civil law system influenced by English constitutional theory
legislative system: bicameral Parliament consists of a Senate and a Chamber of Deputies
judicial system: Supreme Court of Justice ( Hof van Cassatie in Dutch and Cour de Cassation in French), Constitutional Court (Grondwettelijk Hof in Dutch and Cour constitutionelle in French )
religion: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant and other Christian 2.5%, Jewish 2.5%, Muslim 5%
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: