executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: unitary parliamentary republic
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 17 June 1944; amended many times, last in 2013
legal system: civil law system influenced by the Danish model; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: unicameral Parliament (Althing)
judicial system: Supreme Court or Haestirettur (consists of 9 judges); Appellate Court or Landsrettur; 8 district courts; Labor Court
religion: Evangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 62.3%, Roman Catholic 4%, Independent Congregation of Reykjavik 2.7%, Independent Congregation of Hafnarfjordur 2%, pagan worship 1.4%, Icelandic Ethical Humanist Association 1.1%, other (includes Zuist and Pentecostal) or unspecified 19%, none 7.6% (2021 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: