executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: constitutional monarchy
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: adopted 1815; amended many times, most recently in 2002
legal system: civil law system incorporating French penal theory; constitution does not permit judicial review of acts of the States General
legislative system: bicameral States General (Staten Generaal) consists of the First Chamber (Eerste Kamer) and the Second Chamber (Tweede Kamer)
judicial system: Supreme Court (Hoge Raad) whose justices are nominated for life by the monarch
religion: Roman Catholic 31%, Dutch Reformed 13%, Calvinist 7%, Muslim 5.5%, other 2.5%, none 41%
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: