executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: semi-presidential federation
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: 12 December 1993
legal system: based on civil law system
legislative system: bicameral Federal Assembly (Federal'noye Sobraniye) consists of the Federation Council (Sovet Federatsii) and the State Duma (Gosudarstvennaya Duma)
judicial system: Constitutional Court; Supreme Court; judges for these higest courts are appointed for life by the Federation Council on the recommendation of the President
religion: Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2%
death row: 0
year of last executions: 2-9-1996
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: