executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: semi-presidential federation
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: 12 December 1993
legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: bicameral Federal Assembly (Federal'noye Sobraniye) consists of the Federation Council (Sovet Federatsii) and the State Duma (Gosudarstvennaya Duma)
judicial system: Supreme Court of the Russian Federation (consists of 170 members organized into the Judicial Panel for Civil Affairs, the Judicial Panel for Criminal Affairs, and the Military Panel); Constitutional Court (consists of 11 members, including the chairperson and deputy); regional (kray) and provincial (oblast) courts; Moscow and St. Petersburg city courts; autonomous province and district courts
religion: Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)
death row: 0
year of last executions: 2-9-1996
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment





Extra-judicial executions