executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: parliamentary constitutional monarchy
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: Sweden has four fundamental laws which together make up the Constitution: The Instrument of Government (several previous; latest 1974; amended several times, last in 2018); The Act of Succession (enacted 1810; changed in 1937 and 1980); The Freedom of the Press Act (many previous; latest in 1949; amended several times, last in 2019); The Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression (adopted 1991; amended several times, last in 2018)
legal system: civil law system influenced by Roman-Germanic law and customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
legislative system: unicameral Parliament (Riksdag)
judicial system: Supreme Court of Sweden (consists of 16 justices, including the court chairman); Supreme Administrative Court (consists of 18 justices, including the court president); first instance, appellate, general, and administrative courts; specialized courts that handle cases such as land and environment, immigration, labor, markets, and patents
religion: Church of Sweden (Lutheran) 57.6%, other (includes Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Jewish, and Buddhist) 8.9%, none or unspecified 33.5% (2019 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: