executions in the world:

In 2017


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: democratic republic
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 28 November 1966; amended 25 July 2002 and January 2010
legal system: based on French codes; Criminal Procedures Code modified in 2004 to include important elements of an accusatory system
legislative system: bicameral National Congress consists of the Senate (Senado) and the Chamber of Deputies (Camara de Diputados)
judicial system: Supreme Court, judges are elected by a Council made up of legislative and executive members with the president presiding
religion: Roman Catholic 95%, other 5%
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

1st Optional Protocol to the Covenant

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (signed only)

American Convention on Human Rights

Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights to abolish the Death Penalty

Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture

Statute of the International Criminal Court (which excludes the death penalty)

The Constitution of the Dominican Republic at Art. 8 (1) refers to "the inviolability of life" and states: "Therefore, neither the death penalty, torture nor any other punishment or oppressive procedure or penalty that implies loss or diminution of the physical integrity or health of the individual may be established." The Dominican Republic has been fully abolitionist since 1966, and the death penalty was replaced with 30 years hard labour way back in 1911. Hard labour penalty was replaced by imprisonment with the Prison Reform Act, which states prisoners shall not be subjected to torture, ill treatment, harmful practices or humiliation of any kind.
On December 19, 2016, the Dominican Republic co-sponsored and voted again in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.


South America