executions in the world:

In 2020


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: republic
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 20 December 1983
legal system: based on Roman and Anglo-Saxon systems
legislative system: unicameral Legislative Assembly
judicial system: Supreme Court, judges are selected by the Legislative Assembly
religion: 57% Catholic; 21% Protestant, other
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

1st Optional Protocol to the Covenant

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (aiming to the abolition of the death penalty)

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

American Convention on Human Rights

Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture

The death penalty was abolished in El Salvador in 1983 for all crimes except "for cases stipulated in military legislation during a state of international war" [1] (Article 27 of the Constitution). The last execution was carried out in 1973.

United Nations
On 29 September 2017, El Salvador voted again in favour of the Resolution on the Death Penalty at the 36° session of the UN Council on Human Rights.
On December 17, 2018, El Salvador co-sponsored and voted again in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.


South America