executions in the world:

In 2020


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 9 January 1987; reforms in 1995, 2000, and 2005
legal system: civil law system; Supreme Court may review administrative acts
legislative system: unicameral National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional )
judicial system: Supreme Court, 16 judges elected for five-year terms by the National Assembly
religion: Roman Catholic 58.5%, Evangelical 21.6%, Moravian 1.5%, Episcopal 0.1%, other 1.9%, none 8.5%
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

1st Optional Protocol to the Covenant

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (aiming to the abolition of the death penalty)

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

American Convention on Human Rights

Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights to abolish the Death Penalty

Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture

The Constitution of the Republic of Nicaragua (1987) at Art. 23 states: "The right to life is inviolable and inherent to the human person. In Nicaragua there is no death penalty." The country has been abolitionist since 1979, and the last execution was held in 1930.
On December 17, 2018, Nicaragua cosponsored and voted again in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.


South America