executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: February 1967, constitutional reform approved by referendum on 7 January 1997; amended many times, last in 2004
legal system: civil law system based on the Spanish civil code; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
legislative system: bicameral General Assembly (Asamblea General) consists of Chamber of Senators (Camara de Senadores) and Chamber of Representatives (Camara de Representantes)
judicial system: Supreme Court of Justice (consists of 5 judges); Courts of Appeal; District Courts (Juzgados Letrados); Peace Courts (Juzgados de Paz); Rural Courts (Juzgados Rurales)
religion: Roman Catholic 42%, Protestant 15%, other 6%, agnostic 3%, atheist 10%, unspecified 24% (2014 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:



South America