18 February 2019 :
FBI releases serial killer Samuel Little's drawings of victims in the hope that they can be identified. Samuel Little, 78, Black, last year confessed to killing 90 people over three decades. The killings took place across the US between 1970 and 2005. Little was arrested on September 5, 2012, in Kentucky, after authorities used DNA testing to establish that he was involved in the murder of Carol Elford, killed on July 13, 1987; Audrey Nelson, killed on August 14, 1989; and Guadalupe Apodaca, killed on September 3, 1987. All three women were killed and later found on the streets of Los Angeles. Little was extradited to Los Angeles, where he was charged on January 7, 2013. A few months later, the police said that Little was being investigated for involvement in dozens of murders committed in the 1980s, which until then had been undisclosed. In 2014, In California, he was convicted, and sentenced to three life sentences without parole to be served continuously. On the day of the verdict, Little continued to insist on his innocence. After this conviction, California authorities said that he might have killed people in nine states, starting in the 1970s. He claims to have killed as many as 90 people; investigators have linked him to at least 34 murders. Investigators say he targeted "marginalised and vulnerable women", and that some of their bodies went unidentified and deaths uninvestigated. Having heard all of his confessions, they believe he could be one of the most prolific serial killers in US history. Little, a former competitive boxer, would knock his victims out with punches before strangling them - meaning that there were not always "obvious signs" that the person had been killed. Now, they are hoping that Little's drawings can help them to finally find out who the victims were so that their families can be notified. "With no stab marks or bullet wounds, many of these deaths were not classified as homicides but attributed to drug overdoses, accidents, or natural causes," the FBI said in its initial report in November last year. Little was first caught in 2012 when he was arrested on a drugs charge in a homeless shelter in Kentucky, and extradited to California. Once he was in police custody in Los Angeles, officers carried out DNA testing on him. The results linked him to three unsolved murders from 1987 and 1989, which were all in Los Angeles County. He pleaded not guilty at trial, but was eventually convicted and sentenced to three consecutive life sentences, with no chance of parole. His three known victims were beaten and strangled, before their bodies were dumped in alleyways or bins. Before being convicted of murder Little had already built up an extensive criminal record, with offences from armed robbery to rape in a number of different states across the US. Little's case was passed on to the FBI's Violent Criminal Apprehension Programme (ViCAP), which analyses people who serially commit violent and and sexual crimes. They then share their findings with local law enforcement in different areas, in order to check them against any unsolved crimes. ViCAP, tasked with doing a full background check on Little, noticed that the three LA killings were very similar to a number of unsolved deaths dating back to the 1970s. Crime analyst Christina Palazzolo writes on the FBI website that they "found a case out of Odessa, Texas, that sounded very much like him, and we could place him passing through the area around the same time". In spring last year, investigators set up an interview with Little, hoping to find out more information. Knowing that he wanted to move prisons, they struck a deal - he could move prisons if he talked. Then, during the interview, Ms Palazzolo says "he went through city and state and gave us the number of people he killed in each place". Once he was done, he had confessed to 90 killings. The FBI says it has so far been able to verify 34 of these. Many of Little's victims were sex workers, people with substance abuse issues and trans women, whose deaths may not have been investigated or would have been ruled to be accidental at the time. His memory of the killings was mostly precise, as he could give details about where they happened and what car he was driving. But he was unable to remember specific dates - which, investigators say, has caused further issues with identifying the victims. Agents are continuing to question Little and collect drawings of his victims. It is not explicitly stated, but it seems to understand that, in exchange for the collaboration, the death penalty will not be applied to Little. This reopens a polemic always present on the front of the death penalty: as happened in other cases of serial killer, the "negotiation" to find the corpses causes serial killers are able to avoid the death penalty, which instead fails to "occasional" killers, denying the constitutional assumption that the death penalty should be reserved only "to the worst of the worst".