executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federal presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 29 May 1999; amended several times, last in 2018
legal system: mixed legal system of English common law, Islamic law (in 12 northern states), and traditional law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
legislative system: bicameral National Assembly consists of Senate and House of Representatives
judicial system: Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and 15 justices); Court of Appeal; Federal High Court; High Court of the Federal Capital Territory; Sharia Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory; Customary Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory; state court system similar in structure to federal system
religion: Muslim 53.5%, Roman Catholic 10.6%, other Christian 35.3%, other 0.6% (2018 est.)
death row: 3.298 (Nigeria Correctional Service, 19/04/2023)
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 20
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:





Death penalty for women


Death penalty for violent crimes