government: federal parliamentary republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 12 April 1973; suspended and restored several times. Restored last time on 15 December 2007. Amended last time on April 19, 2010.
legal system: based on English common law with provisions to accommodate Pakistan's status as an Islamic state
legislative system: bicameral Parliament or Majlis-e-Shoora consists of the Senate and the National Assembly
judicial system: Supreme Court (judicial chiefs are appointed by the president); Federal Islamic Court (Shari'a)
religion: Muslim majority; Hindu and Christian minorities
death row: 8200 according the Justice Project Pakistan, end 2017, 4993 according other sources
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 25
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Pakistan is among the five most prolific executioners in the world with 487 executions in the last three years, while the president has rejected 513 mercy petitions in the last five years, a report launched on April 11 has found.
The report, No Mercy: A Report on Clemency for Death Row Prisoners in Pakistan, was launched by Justice Project Pakistan.
It said that the government has executed nearly 500 people since lifting the moratorium on the death penalty in 2014.
And although the president possesses the constitutional authority under Article 45 to pardon death row defendants, in practice in such petitions have been consistently denied since December 2014, operating under a blanket policy for cases with strong evidence of humanitarian abuse and violations.
The report quoted the Ministry of Interior as stating that the president’s office had rejected 513 mercy petitions by condemned prisoners – 444 of which were from the first 15 months after the resumption of executions in December 2014.
The interior ministry has also informally confirmed that the government has a de facto policy to summarily reject all mercy pleas.