government: multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: proclaimed on 21 September 1993
legal system: mixture of French-influenced codes with influences of customary law and remnants of communist legal theory; increasing influence of common law in recent years
legislative system: bicameral National Assembly and Senate
judicial system: Supreme Council of the Magistracy; Supreme Court
religion: Buddhist majority
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
1st Optional Protocol to the Covenant (signed only)
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Statute of the International Criminal Court (which excludes the death penalty)
The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia (1993) at Art. 32 states: "All people have the right to life, freedom and personal security. There shall be no capital punishment." Cambodia abolished the death penalty in 1989. The country's 1993 Constitution - drawn up in the wake of UN-run elections, which restored democracy after decades of conflict - dropped the reference to it.
On December 18, 2008 Cambodia voted in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.
On December 19, 2016, Cambodia voted in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly. In 2014, as in 2012 and 2010, Cambodia co-sponsored the text.